Stay on Alert for these Causes
Allergies, asthma, and recurring infections that last over 12 weeks can cause chronic inflammation. It occurs in your mucous membranes that produce fluids in your nose and sinuses. Some genetic variations that influence how your immune system functions also may contribute. Research shows that polyps may occur when immune system responses and chemical markers in these membranes are atypical.
Nasal polyps tend to afflict young and midlife adults, but they can develop in people of all ages. They form usually in the sinus areas close to your eyes, nose, and cheekbones that drain into your nose. Those in your nostrils are likely to affect both sides. Growths in any other location in your nasal passages or sinuses are possible but less common.
Watch out for these Symptoms
You may not notice symptoms when polyps are small because they lack sensation. While larger growths or groups are painless, they can create blockages that may make breathing through your nose difficult. If you have polyps with chronic sinusitis, you might feel like you have a common cold. Your nose may be runny or stuffy. Increased drainage down your throat and frequent infections may occur. Your senses of smell of taste may not work at all or as well as they should. Headaches, facial pressure and pain, aching upper teeth, itchy eye area, and snoring also are typical. See your doctor if your symptoms linger beyond 10 days.
Consider Your Treatment Options
Because you need to address both the cause and the actual polyps, you may need combination treatment. Your doctor can devise an ongoing treatment protocol to manage any inflammation-causing conditions that are responsible for your nasal polyps.
This might include allergy and/or asthma medications. Nasonex also treats seasonal allergic reactions to outdoor pollens, or hay fever, as well as year-round allergies to indoor substances like mold, dust, and animal dander. Sinus infections respond to prescription antibiotics.
Most likely, your doctor will prescribe a corticosteroid prescription in nasal spray, oral, or injectable form to decrease inflammation and diminish or eliminate your polyps. The potent Mometasone corticosteroid in Nasonex Nasal Spray has anti-inflammatory properties that slow down polyp growth. Gradual shrinkage will help relieve your associated nasal congestion.
Outpatient endoscopic surgery is necessary in some cases. In addition to extracting polyps, your surgeon can remove any additional obstructions that are blocking fluid flow in your sinuses. He also may expand the sinus openings leading into your nasal passages. Using a corticosteroid nasal spray like Nasonex after surgery can help prevent polyps from recurring. Your doctor also may recommend a saline rinse to promote post-op healing.
Use Nasonex Correctly
For nasal polyp treatment, adults 18 and up usually start with two sprays in both nostrils once per day. If this doesn’t control your symptoms after five or six weeks, your doctor may increase your dosage to two sprays in both nostrils twice a day. After you get your symptoms under control, he may advise you to cut your dosage back to the lowest amount that relieves your symptoms. Nasonex side effects tend to be mild. Typically, they include headache, sore throat, nosebleeds, coughing, and viral infections.
Take Preventative Measures
Unfortunately, nasal polyp recurrence is common after every treatment method. But several healthy practices can help you avoid initial or recurring polyps. Keep your allergies and/or asthma under control by following your doctor’s medication orders. Don’t stop using them just because you feel better. Whenever you can’t control your symptoms, consult your doctor about modifying your treatment strategy. Whenever possible, avoid breathing in airborne irritants like allergens, smoke, fumes, and dust that can inflame your nose and sinuses.
Washing your hands thoroughly at regular intervals is especially important to protect you from contracting inflammation-producing viral and bacterial infections. Whenever the air inside your home is dry, a humidifier can bring relief. While moistening your breathing passages and improving mucus flow from your sinuses, it also will help prevent swelling and resulting blockages. Using a saline spray or rinse may increase mucus flow, removing allergens and any other irritants.
Be Aware of Unwelcome Complications
The chronic inflammation that leads to nasal polyps and their ability to block your normal airflow and drainage may cause any of these complications. Sleep apnea’s temporary but frequent breathing interruptions while you’re asleep are potentially dangerous. Asthma attacks are possible. You may have more chronic or recurrent sinus infections, which could spread to your eye sockets. This may cause swelling, bulging eyes, restricted eye movement, reduced vision, or even possibly permanent blindness. An infection also might spread to your brain and spinal cord membranes and fluid, causing meningitis.
Know When to Seek Emergency Care
Emergency medical attention is vital if you have severe breathing troubles, or your symptoms become worse quickly. Very serious signs also include double or impaired vision, reduced eye movement, or severe swelling. A progressively worse headache with a high fever or the inability to drop your head down indicates that you need critical care immediately.